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Producers, Shippers & Co.

On the island of Madeira there are two types of companies: producers and shippers. Producers make Madeira wine and sell it, shippers just trade the wine. Most of the producers have their seat in Funchal, most of the shippers are located in London. Many international companies that have a Madeira wine in their range of products order one of the original producers to bottle a wine under the company’s name, Sandeman as an example. And there is a third type of company in the wine business, the so-called partidistas, similar to the almacenistas of the Sherry-business. They store and mature wine, but they do not sell the wine directly to the market but to other traders. The following list is in alphabetical order and lists everything that you might find on a bottle or a label besides the grape variety and the year of vintage. A list of known Madeira vintages follows in one of the later chapters; the grape varieties are described in detail a few pages up. 3YO means three years old. The availability of vintages changes daily so I did not list the vintages for sale.

Not every name will appear in this list. Some landowners bottled wine under their initials, sometimes adding the village or the vineyard. AO-SM as an example means Annibal Oliveira, vineyard owner in Sao Martinho. Especially older vintages used to be traded in cask and were only bottled in their country of destination. The wines were then named after the ship (many famous ship names are included in this list) that transported them, or the trader’s newborn child or whatever. In the US this custom was very common. People named their Madeira wines after anything, wives, lovers, weddings, horse races or horses and the color of the cask. Many of these names you will not find in the list. Also you have to remember that, due to their private character, wines with such an exotic name were always small in number of bottles.

COMPANIES, SHIPPER, IMPORT BRANDS AND MORE

ABSL
See Artur de Barros e Sousa.

Abudarham, Vinhos Viúva & Filhos Lda. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Acciaioly, Oskar
Last member of the Acciaioly family from Florence, Italy, that came to the island in the 16th century. Acciaioly used to export a lot of wine to Russia until 1916; he also exported wine into the Scandinavian countries until the late 1970’s. A lot of the remaining wines were sold in 1989 by Christie’s. Also Barbeito acquired some of the Acciaioly wines and sold the bottled wines with the original label. The wines in cask were later sold under the Barbeito label.

Adegas Exportadora de Vinhos da Madeira Lda. (Borges)
Brand of H. M. Borges for 3YO, traded by: Pofuturo, Sociedade Commercial de Bebidas Lda., Sitio do Pico do Cardo, Santo Antonio, P-9000 Funchal. Old address of Adega Exportadora: Rua das Avores 83, Funchal.

Adelaide
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Agatha
19th century ship carrying Madeira wine on the India route.

D'Aguiar, Joao Carlos & Co (also sometimes: & Cia)
The bottles are sometimes marked with the letters JCA & Co. Company founded by descendants of Diogo Alfonso d'Aguiar. Several bottles known from the 18th and the early 19th century, all bottles where filled before the 1940ies. Whether the company merged with Freitas to form Aguiar Freitas & Ca Lda is not known. According to Patrick Grubb, the d'Aguiar family owns some excellent vineyards around the district of Prazeyres, producing still fine sercial and verdelho.

Aguiar Freitas & Ca Sucrs. Lda. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Anderson
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

AO
See Acciaioly, Oskar.

AO-SM
Initials of Anibal D'Oliveira, vineyard owner in Sao Martinho, one of the owners of Pereira d’Oliveira, some old vintages from the 19th and early 20th century still exist. See Pereira d’Oliveira.

Aspinwall
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Averys
A long established wine trader in Bristol, Great Britain since 1793. Used to bottle Madeira wines under their own label and imported wines by Cossart Gordon. Averys initiated a first small Madeira renaissance with a large sale of high class vintages in 1956. Today, Averys still trades some wines by D'Oliveiras, but no vintages anymore.
Address: Averys, Orchard House, Southfield Road, Nailsea, Bristol BS48 1JN, Great Britain, Tel: 01275-811-100, Fax: 01275-811-101.

Barbeito
See Vinhos Barbeito (Madeira) Lda.

Barros, Almeida & Co (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

de Barros e Sousa Lda., Artur (ABSL)
See chapter about this company here.

Bates & Schoonmaker Inc.
Former US importer for T. T. da Camara Lomelino. Address was: 17 East 42nd Street, New York City.

Bethune
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Bianchi, Carlo de
Famous 19th century collector of Madeira wines. He inherited the Lomelino Company after the death of Tarquinio Torquato da Camara Lomelino. C de B are the initials on bottles from his private stock.

Bianchi's Madeira Lda. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1953, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Blandy's Madeiras Lda. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, founded in 1811, joined in 1934, the premium brand of the MWC, see MWC for address and details.
Offer: Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Dukes-series 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, soleras, vintages.

Borges Sucrs. Lda., H. M.
See chapter about this company here.

Borges Madeira Lda.
Company absorbed in H. M. Borges Sucrs. Lda. I was not able to find out whether the label is still used today.

Bradley
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Bramin
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Broadbent Selections Inc.
Please see the chapter about this company here

Buchanan
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Butler
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Philadelphia.

C de B
See Bianchi, Carlo de.

Cadwaladar
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Philadelphia.

Camacho, Joao Joaquim
Associated with Pereira d’Oliveira, see there.

Camara de Lobos
Village at the south coast, made famous by Sir Winston Churchill. Centre of the winegrowing region there. The mentioning of Camara de Lobos usually indicates a medium-sweet bual-type of wine.

Carmo Vinhos Lda.
Please see Henriques & Henriques Vinhos S.A.

Carlos Pescador
Import-brand of Carl Fischer company of Hamburg, Germany in the second half of the 20th century. Funny enough Carlos Pescador is Portguese for Carl Fischer so someone was really witty here. Imported wines were: Velho Extra, Particular, Fine Boal 1926 and Verdelho 1917.

Carter
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Virginia.

Casa dos Vinhos da Madeira (H&H)
Brand of Henriques & Henriques, still used today.
Old address: Rua dos Ferreiros 125, P-9001 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-236767.

Catherine Banks
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

CG
See Cossart Gordon.

Chairman
Medium dry blend, brand of Chairmans, London, for the European market. Importer for Germany: Max Burkhardt, Hamburg.

Challenger
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Charming Martha
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Charming Nancy
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Charming Polly
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Chrisholm
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Clauzel, A.
French importer of Madeira wine.

Coffin
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Comet
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Constitution
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Companhia Regional de Esportacao de Vinhos da Madeira Lda.
Company taken over by Vinhos Justino Henriques Filhos Lda. So far I have only seen one old bottle, bearing a faded label from the beginning of the 20th century and a Boal vintage from 1860. Even though the CEHA states that the label is still used today, I have not been able to verify this.

Companhia Vinicola da Madeira
Old address: Rua dos Ferreiros 188, P-9001 Funchal. There is a Terrantez vintage of 1795, some other old vintages and some three year old blends. Associated with Justino Henriques Filhos, see there.

Cossart Gordon Lda. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, founded in 1745, joined in 1953, see MWC for address and details.
Offer: Good Company series, Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, Duo Centenary series 15Y, soleras, vintages.

CREVML
Short for Companhia Regional de Exportacao de Vinhos da Madeira Lda, please see there.

Cunha, E. A. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, out of trade.

Cunha, J. A.
See Pereira D'Oliveira.

CVL
Initials of Carmo Vinhos Lda., please see Henriques & Henriques Vinhos S.A.

CVM
Initials of the Companhia Vinicola da Madeira.

De Renne
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

DL
See Lynch, Dominic.

Donaldson Vinhos & Cia (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, probably went out of trade in 1980, but is still used in Japan.

East India Madeira Co. Lda.
Associated with Justino Henriques, see there.

EBH
Initials of Eugenia Bianchi Henriques, granddaughter of Carlo de Bianchi. See also Bianchi, Carlo de.

Earthquake
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Espinheiro Madeira
Medium dry blend, imported for the German market by J. Buxtorf, Wichelhausen & Co, Bremen.

Fairlie, Captain David
One of the descendants of the original owners of the Torre Bella estate. Also a well known collector of Madeira wines who had married into the Blandy family. The collection was auctioned off in 1988 by Christie's. Also see Torre Bella.

Faja dos Padres
Once the best-known vineyard on the island, situated on sea-level west of the Cabo Girao, the third highest cliff in the world with a height of 580 meters/1900 feet, even though most travel guides will tell you it is the second highest in the world. The highest can be found in eastern Taiwan, being 760 meters/2500 feet high, the second highest is the Preikestolen ("Preacher's stool") in the Lysefjord east of Stavanger, Norway with 600 meters/2000 feet. Until the end of the 19th century the best and most famous Malvasia wines were grown at the Faja dos Padres. Today the new owner of the Faja has replanted some vines, but there is only little wine production so far. However I have seen casks with "Malvasia candida 98/99" on it so I guess there is some hope for the future. You will also find a restaurant, swimming pool and accommodation. There is a new cable car to the Faja (“Teleferico”) going down from Sitio da Rancho, the price was about 8 Euros in 2007 for a round trip. Also at Artur de Barros e Sousa they have a maturing cask with the word "Faja" on it, so they must have been able to obtain some wine from grapes grown at the Faja. Please take a look at the special chapter about a tour to the Faja in the guide to Madeira island here.

Fame
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Faria J. & Filhos Lda.
Address: Rua dos Maravilhas 25CC/25D, P-9000 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-742935, Fax 00351-291-742255. Second address is: Adress: Travessa do Tanque, 85 e 87, 9020-258 Funchal, Phone: +351 291 742 935, Fax: +351 291 742 255, Email: jfariafilhos@sapo.pt. Offer: 3YO, 5YO, fruit liquors, Aguadente de Cana.

Favourite
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Fearing
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Fernandes, Manuel Eugenio
Said to produce wine by the Canteiro-method. Address and offer unknown, you can find a 3YO in Funchal.

Ferraz, F. F. & Co (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, founded in 1915, joined in 1937, went out of trade in 1988.

FFF
See Ferraz, F. F., I have also seen bottles where the three F letters are shown in a triangular fashion.

Filipe Vinhos Lda., Antonio
Company absorbed into Henriques & Henriques Vinhos SA.

Fitzhugh
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Virginia.

Flagman
Medium dry blend, import brand of Eggers & Franke, Bremen, for the German market. Traded by Flagmans Ltd, London.

Franca & Chagas
Little wine from this company survived into the 21st century. The Franca family descended from Andre de Franca. His son Joao built the church at Estreito de Calheta in the Camara de Lobos district.

Freitas, A. de
So far I have only seen one miniature of this company. Whether this was the starting cell of Freitas Martins Caldeira & Cia Lda I do not know.

Freitas Branco
Old company which no longer exists. Some bottles known to exist from the 19th century.

Freitas Martins Caldeira & Cia Lda (MWC)
According to the CEHA, this company was taken over by Henriques & Henriques Vinhos SA in 1960, but this I doubt. According to all other sources, especially Alex Liddell and the MWC itself, this company joined the MWC in 1960. The former name was Martins, Caldeira & Cia Lda, the company was then reconstituted under the new name.

Freitas & Irmao
Sometimes just Freitas Irmao. The connection to Freitas Branco or Aguiar Freitas is not known. Some wines from the 19th century.

Funchal Wine Co. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Gadsden
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Gaselee, Sir Stephen
Famous collector of Madeira wines in the 1940ies.

Gebhard
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Gibbs & Co (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, founded 1857, went out of trade.

Godard
German filler of half-dry Madeira miniatures with the name Camara de Lobos. Former address: Godard GmbH, Neuss/Rhein.

Goelet, P. P.
U. S. importer and/or collector of Madeira wines in the 19th century, the family also owns Clos du Val in the Napa valley in California and Taltarni in Australia. The large collection seems to have been sold off since some of the bottles surfaced since 2000, though I could not find out where or when. Many of their bottles contain wines that were shipped in cask across the equator, so these bottles bear the ships names like “Brig Twin”, “Francis”, “Juno”, “Rebel” or “Southern Cross”.

Gomes, Joao Marcello (sometimes MJR Gomes)
Producer of blends like "pale" or "brown" Madeira, also an "old rich Malmsey" is known, probably out of trade.

Gomez, Luiz (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, founded in 1868, joined in 1953, probably went out of trade in 1988.

Gonsalves, A. Izidro
Nothing known about this producer, except a "seco" vintage from 1890, bottled in Funchal. The name on the bottle is written Gonsalves, instead being written Goncalves like in the other companies bearing that name.

Goncalves, C. R.
Company taken over by Vinhos Justino Henriques Filhos Lda. According to the CEHA, the label is still used today.

Goncalves, H. R.
Company taken over by Vinhos Justino Henriques Filhos Lda. According to the CEHA, the label is still used today.

Gonçalves, J. H. (Borges)
Brand of H. M. Borges for 3YO, according to the CEHA still used today, distributed by Manuel da Silva Peixoto & Co Lda., 30 Cam. Areeiro, Sao Martinho, P-9000-243 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-772381.

Gonçalves Lda., P. E.
Address: Jesus Maria José, 36 Cam. Bela Vista, P-9300-027 Camara de Lobos, Tel 00351-291-942813, Fax 00351-291-941510. Or: Jesus M. Jose, P-9300 Camara de Lobos, Tel 00351-291-941551.
Probably associated with J. Faria & Filhos, offer not known.

Gordon
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Grabham, Dr. Michael & Walther
Father and son; the father married into the Blandy family and collected Madeira wines.

Griswold
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Habersham, William Neyle
Eccentric merchant in Savannah, Georgia, born 1817. He was famous for the strange treatment of his Madeira wines and is said to be the inventor of rainwater Madeira. His huge Madeira wine collection was sold in 1900.

Henriques & Henriques Vinhos S.A. = H&H
See chapter about this company here.

HH
See Henriques & Henriques Vinhos.

HMB
See Borges, H. M.

Howland
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Huger
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Hurricane
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Instituto do Vinho da Madeira
See Madeira Wine Institute.

IVBAM
Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira, the new name of the IVM, the Instituto do Vinho da Madeira. Please see at Madeira Wine Institute.

IVM
See Madeira Wine Institute.

Jackson
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

JCA & Co
See D'Aguiar, Joao Carlos & Co

JNV
See Junta Nacional do Vinho.

JRT
See Teixeira, J. R.

Juno
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Junta Nacional do Vinho
The JNV was founded in 1937. From 1940 on it controlled the production of Madeira wine in Funchal. The JNV awarded the JNV paper seal that was put over the cork of every bottle of Madeira wine bottled on the island. The first paper seals where just paper stripes with a small printed seal on it, later becoming a unique shape that was copied in the IVM seal. The IVM relieved the JNV in 1980. The JNV wax seal is described in the chapter about old bottles. Different JNV paper seals do exist, some with a small blue JNV sign, some with a complete coat of arms, later copied in the IVM paper seal.

Justino Henriques
See Vinhos Justino Henriques Filhos.

JVS
See Silva, Joao Vicente da

Kassab, B. A.
Braheem (or Brahim) A. Kassab; a syrian merchant who collected Madeira Wines at the beginning of the 20th century. His bottles were marked with the seal BAK. A description and picture of the seal can be found in the chapter about old bottles.

Kopke, C. N.
Founded in 1638, Kopke is the oldest existing Port wine company, situated in Vila Nova de Gaia. Kopke exported at least a three year old blend through a branch in Funchal. German importer and filler was Cinzano & Cia in Frankfurt/Main.

Kraus Bros. & Co
Former US importer for Welsh Brothers. Address was: 18-22 West Street, New York.

Krohn Brothers Lda. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1951, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Laurens
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Leacock & Co (MWC)
Brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1760, joined in 1934, address and details see MWC.
Offer: St. John 3YO, Rainwater, Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, soleras, vintages.

Lenox
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Liberty
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Lloyd-O'Donnell-Tilghman
Famous American collection of Madeira wines.

LMR
See Rodrigues, L. M.

Lomelino, Tarquinio Torquato da Camara (MWC)
Brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1820, Portuguese at first then English and joined the MWC in 1936, went out of trade in 1988, but is still used in Belgium.

Lynch, Dominic = DL
Madeira wine collecting wine merchant in 19th century New York.

Madeira Meneres, Sociedade dos Vinhos (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, went out of trade in 1980.

Madeira Victoria & Co (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, went out of trade in 1980, but is still used in Holland.

Madeira Wine Association = MWA
See Madeira Wine Company.

Madeira Wine Company S.A. = MWC
See chapter about this company here.

Madeira Wine Institute (Instituto do Vinho da Madeira, IVM)
See chapter about the Institute here.

Madère de L'Ile
Blend for the French market imported by A. Clauzel. By the way: note how the label says “Espana y Portugal”, indicating that the wine traded here comes from Spain and Portugal. Also the language on the label is Spanish (like “Vinos” instead of “Vinhos”) which means that this wine comes from Spain. So this is another example of forged Madeira wine.

Margade
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Martin
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Martins F., Caldeira & Co. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1960, went out of trade in 1988.

Mary Elisabeth
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

MEF
See Fernandes, Manuel Eugenio

Mentor
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Meredith
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Middleton
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Miles Madeira (MWC)
Old name: Rutherford & Miles, brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1814, joined in 1969, address and details see MWC.
Offer: Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, soleras, vintages.

Mitchell, Silas Weir MD
Madeira wine collecting physician in 19th century Philadelphia. Mitchell is also famous for his story “A Madeira party”, please refer to the bibliography section.

Monteiro Vinhos (Just. Henriques)
Associated with Justino Henriques e Filhos, see there.

MWA
Madeira Wine Association, see there.

MWC
Madeira Wine Company, see there.

Nicolas
Long-time established wine merchant in Paris/France, founded in 1822. The adress is: Nicolas, Siège social 2, Rue de Valmy, Charenton-le-Pont Seine. Even though I have never been there, I have been told, that this Company ownes (or owned) a few casks with old Madeira wine. This wine was bottled and sold in the 1970ies. The only wine known to me is a superb "Brown Madeira" vintage 1835.

Nobrega, A. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1953, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Oglethorpe
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

D'Oliveira, Aníbal
See Pereira D'Oliveira.

Owens-Thomas
House in Savannah, Georgia, with a small museum. In the cellar you can find a huge collection of Madeira wines with handwritten labels.

Parkington, J. R. & Co
Former British importer for Power Drury. Address was: 161 New Bond Street, London W. 1.

Passos Freitas, Manoel de
Nothing known about this producer besides a blended Madeira from the 1950ies, the bottle wearing a JNV seal.

Pereira D'Oliveira Vinhos
See chapter about this company here.

Pereira, Vasco Luis
Company absorbed into Pereira D'Oliveira (Vinhos) Lda.

Perestrello & Cia Lda
So far I have only seen two bottles bearing this name. One was a bottle with the remains of a label reading "Madere Reserve Perestrello" bottled in the 1920ies. The bottle was clearly destined for the french market, since the foil-capsule was stamped in Portuguese but the label was written in French. The other one was a stencilled bottle, about the same age. Perestrello is a well-known name on Madeira island, mostly because this family owned the foto-studio that today is named "Foto Museu Vicente" in Funchal. Whether the bottles have any direct connection to the Foto Museu is not known.

Perry, Matthew, Commodore
In 1854 Perry's ship "Susquehanna" returned from a trip to Japan, carrying the famous "Japan" Madeira. Later this Madeira was given to The Honourable John P. Kennedy, secretary of the navy. Long after his death 207 remaining bottles were unearthed in his home in 1895.

Pinckney
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Power Drury (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, went out of trade in 1988. Nevertheless the brand is sometimes used for 3YO wines.

Price, William
Madeira wine collecting wine merchant in 19th century Savannah.

Pries Scholtz, A. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, probably went out of trade in 1980. Importer for Germany was Bols-Import, Neuss/Rhein.

Quinta
Quinta means estate in Portuguese. Many famous wines were bottled under the name of the producing quinta.

Quinta do Serrado
Estate in Camara de Lobos owned by the family of Antonio Eduardo Henriques. A large stock of their wines (about 1200 bottles of each, 1827 and 1830) was sold at Christie’s in the late 1980ies.

Rapid
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Ravenel
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Rebel
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Red Jacket
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Rego or de Regos
This family originated from the Algarve.

Richmond Packet
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Rodrigues, L. M.
Only a Bual from 1915 is known to me, some of the bottles marked with a JNV-REF seal on the reddish wax cover. The wax cover also carries a "Di" seal on top. Some of the bottles carry a small paper label indicating that the wine had been bottled by Cossart Gordon.

Royal Madeira Company (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Rozès
Import company for the French market, founded in 1855 by Ostende Rozès. The company was sold to Vranken Monopole in 1999 and does no longer trade with Madeira wine. Port wines are still available though. Former address in Funchal: Rozès Lda., Rua San Pedro 18, Funchal. Former address in Bordeaux: Ed. Rozés, 20 Rue Raze, Bordeaux.

RT
See Teixera, Rodrigues.

Rutherford & Miles (MWC)
See Miles.

Rutledge
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Sandeman
The global player Sandeman used to offer a range of Madeira blends with an age of 3, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 plus years, but today (2008) they only offer a three year old "Fine Rich" and a three year old "Rainwater". The wines are sourced from Henriques & Henriques under the Casa dos Vinhos brand. The bottles bear the Sandeman label with the typical "Don" icon.

Santa Luzia (MWC)
Brand of the MWC for the market in Finland.

Sarmento, José
Import company for the French market, probably no longer existing. Former Bordeaux address: Union Europeene d'Importation. 136 Quai des Chartrons, Bordeaux, France.

Scheley
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Schenley Import Corporation
Former importer for Power Drury for the US. Address was: 18 West 40th Street, New York.

Seager, Evans & Co.
Used to be the London importers for Blandy's. Old address: 20 Queen Anna's Gate, London S. W. 1.

Shortridge Lawton & Co, Vinhos (MWC)
Brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1757, joined in 1934, probably went out of trade in 1988. Wines are sought after by collectors since they were one of the last wines to be matured by the traditional sea voyage.

Silva Vinhos Lda
Founded in 1990 by the Silva brothers Joao Alexandre and Jose Olavo, went out of trade in 2002 after bankruptcy. As the company had been founded, the owners had also bought the rights for the Veiga Franca brand, but as far as I know, they had never used it for new vintages or even soleras.
Old address: Sitio da Igreja, Estreito de Câmara de Lobos, P-9300 Câmara de Lobos, Tel 00315-291-945810, Fax 00351-291-945199.
Offer: 3Y, 5Y and 10Y. Some old Veiga Franca vintages and soleras are still available from private sources and auctions.

Silva Lda, Joao Vicente da
Company founded in 1921 by the father of the Silva brothers who in 1990 founded Silva Vinhos Lda. Joao Vicente da Silva mainly worked as a partidista, but at least a blended Verdelho wine from the 1950ies or 1960ies is known.

Socieda Agricola da Madeira (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, founded in 1928, joined in 1937, went out of trade.

Spence-Symington
Famous American collection of Madeira Wines.

Spinola, J. B. (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

de Sousa, Manoel, Herdeiros Lda.
Brand of a ca. 30 year old Madeira wine, sold at Patricio and Gouveia Lda., the embroidery company. They say that this wine comes from the owner’s family and has been matured for more then 30 years in the old casks lying in the basement of the building, right in the tasting room. These bottles do not bear any IVM seal. Also I have seen a Moscatel vintage from 1900 with the initials MSH.

Southern Cross
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Star of Bengal
19th century ship carrying Madeira wine on the India route.

Success
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Susquehanna
19th century ship of Commodore Matthew Perry, transporting the famous "Japan" Madeira back to the United States in 1854, see Perry.

Tartar
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Taylor, W. A. & Co.
Used to be the U.S. importers for Blandy's. Also marketed Madeira wine under their own name. Old address: 12-13 Laight Street, NY.

Teixeira, J. R. (also written Teixera in some catalogues)
Descendant from one of the captains that sailed with Zarco when he claimed Madeira island for Portugal. An 1863 Boal and a 1870 Boal were auctioned at Christies some years ago. J. R. stands for Joao Romao. Bottles are stencilled with JRT.

Teixera, Rodrigues
Bottles sometimes just marked with RT, another member of the Teixera family.

Teixera, Roques
Only one wine from the 19th century known. The family of Tristao Vaz Teixera settled on the north side of the island. By the 19th century they had established themselves as merchants, so there probably is a connection with Joao Romao Teixera (=JRT).

Telfair
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Thomas, Doug
Famous American collector of Madeira wines. Thomas lived in Baltimore from1847 to 1919 and was president of the Merchants Bank. Being a well-known wine connoisseur, he celebrated six famous Madeira wine tastings over a 17-year period. His collection of old Madeira wines was one of the largest in the US.

Three Deacons
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Torre Bella
The Torre Bella estate, meaning beautiful tower in Portuguese, owned by the family of the Visconde de Torre Bella, featured many of the largest and most famous vineyards of the island. Since the 1970ies the estate has been divided into many small parts, no significant winegrowing is done here anymore. Also see Fairlie, Captain David.

Torreão Vinhos, Adegas do
Address: Rua dos Ferreiros 215, P-9001 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-221937. The building was closed when I visited in 1999 and 2003 and seemed uninhabited. The company used to produce a wide variety of wines including vintages and -according to Liddell- was said to go back into trade in 1996. According to the latest information however the company went bankrupt. In 2003 you could still buy some 10 year old blends in shops on the island. Also a few vintage wines can still be obtained from shops, auctions or private sources. In 2006 most of the remaining wines (amongst them the famous 1927 Bastardo) were sold to Pereira D'Oliveira, who also seem to have taken over the premises in the Rua dos Ferreiros. Since Vasco Loja, the owner of the Adegas died and none of the descendants wants to continue, the chapter on the Adegas seems to be finally closed.

Townsend
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Travers
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Twins
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Two Sisters
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Uniao Vinícola (Funchal) Lda.
Makes the East India Madeiras (Rainwater and London particular) for the East India Company Lda. Associated with Justino Henriques, see there. U.S. importer is World Shippers & Importers Co. in Philadelphia.

Vasconcelos, Casa dos Vinhos (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1951, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Veiga França
Old address: Avenida Arriaga 73, P-9000 Funchal
The company closed a few years ago, due to financial problems. Some old bottles are still available. The brand was bought by Silva Vinhos, see there.

Vieira, Dr. Manuel Jose
Some wine known from the 19th century. According to Patrick Grubb, the Doctor's vineyards produced some of the finest sercial.

Vinhos Barbeito (Madeira) Lda.
See chapter about this company here.

Vinhos Justino Henriques Filhos
See chapter about this company here.

VJH
See Vinhos Justino Henriques, Filhos, Lda.

Voigt, L. R.
Former British importer for Leacock. Address was: 24-25 Great Tower Street, London E. C. 3.

Wagner, John
Former US importer in Ivyland, Pennsylvania for the MWC, bottled Madeira wine under his own label.

Walters, Henry
Famous American collection of Madeira wine in Baltimore. The collection was auctioned off by the widow of the former owner in 1943.

Wanderer
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Wayne
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Welsh Brothers (MWC)
Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, went out of trade in 1980, but is still used in Japan.

Widow
19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Wile Sons. Julius & Co
Former US importer for Leacock. Address was: 2 Park Avenue, New York.

Wilder
Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Wine Society Ltd., The
British company in Stevenage SG1, Gunnels Wood Road, founded in 1874, some old vintages bottled by the MWC.


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